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LizardGirl 09-01-2012 12:58 AM

Treat List (Safe Fruits and Veggies)
 
Text:

"
Treats

Here is a list of some acceptable treats to offer:
Unseasoned meats: (baked, boiled, browned or roasted) beef, chicken, duck, lamb, turkey, fish, etc.
Fruits: apple, banana, blackberries, blueberries, cantaloupe, cherry, cranberries, honeydew, kiwi, papaya, peach, pear, plum, pumpkin, raspberries, squash, strawberry, watermelon
Veggies: asparagus, bell peppers, broccoli, carrot, celery, cilantro, corn, cucumber, green beans, green pepper, peas, spinach, sprouts, sweet potato, turnip, zucchini, leafy greens
Unseasoned eggs: scrambled, hard boiled, etc. (it’s recommended they be cooked)
Baby food: all flavors should be fine, Gerber Baby meat sticks and sweet potatoes are popular
Wet cat food: choose one without by-products or unhealthy preservatives and feed in moderation, they are usually very high in protein and fat
Cottage cheese and non-sugary yogurt: hedgies are lactose intolerant, but some like this in very small amounts.
Insects: as covered on the previous page

Some treats that are unacceptable to offer are:
Anything citrus: oranges, lemons, limes, grapefruit, pineapple, etc.
Most dried fruits: these can be choked on, and can get caught in the roof of the mouth or stuck in the teeth
Raisins: besides the fact that they are dried fruit, grapes and raisins are toxic even in very small amounts.
Avocados: toxicity unknown
Onions, garlic, chives: these contain poisonous sulfur compounds that are dangerous in large amounts – it’s safest to avoid them
Rhubarb leaves: they’re not good for dogs, so it’s safe to guess they aren’t good for hedgies either
Human junk food: these are high in fat, salt, preservatives, and many other things bad for hedgies.
Chocolate: same as for human junk food.
Peanuts and other legumes: these can get caught in the roof of the mouth and are easily choked on.
Pits and seeds: these can be toxic (depending on the fruit) and are a choking hazard. Hedgies are not rodents, they aren’t made to gnaw open seeds.

Make sure every treat is unsalted and unseasoned. Veggies are fine fresh or steamed. Make sure whatever you offer is cut into pea-sized pieces, too large can be a choking hazard or get stuck in the roof of your hedgie’s mouth. Lunch meat is not a good idea because of how processed it is. They are often smoked, salted, or preserved, and are high in fat. Don’t overfeed fruits or vegetables, they are very watery and can cause stomach upsets and loose poop.
It’s best to try only one new treat at a time. This is important to avoid stomach upsets (which are common with new foods) and to narrow down what it was if your hedgie had any problems with something offered. If you offer too many things at once, you won’t be able to tell which it is that is causing the problem.
A lot of hedgies are not very open to trying new foods. Keep offering the treat for several nights, or wait a while and try again. Sometimes what they refused one night they will devour the next. Try putting the treat in his food dish with his normal kibble. Warming up the treat a bit can also make it smell more appetizing. Remember that some hedgies will just refuse to try new things. As long as he is getting a good mix of high quality foods you shouldn’t need to worry.
If you open up a jar of baby food or wet cat food, you can freeze the remaining into ice cubes that way it stays fresh longer. This is especially helpful if your hedgie only eats a tiny bit and you don’t want to waste half the jar/can. If you have fruits or veggies you want to save, this works well for them as well."

Some good notes on additional considerations for acidic fruits and sugar:
Quote:

Originally Posted by moxieberry
1. "Anything citrus" can more broadly be taken as "anything acidic". Tomatoes, therefore, are also something to avoid, because of the acidity level. Pomegranates, which I've seen one or two people ask about before, would also fall under this category - they are probably one of the most acidic fruits out there, possibly moreso than pineapple; definitely moreso than pineapple when the pineapple is ripe and sweet.

2. Fruits (and some vegetables) that are on the "acceptable" list should still be considered in terms of the sugar content. Some of them are fine in small amounts but could cause an upset stomach (loose/runny poops) if given in larger amounts, or if given daily. The same thing can be caused by too much of fruits/vegetables with a very high water content, and the ones that are mostly made of water aren't going to have much nutrients in them either. Examples: watermelon (a lot of water/sugar); cucumber (all water, almost no nutrients); cherries (high sugar content).

In general, for anyone wanting to supplement kibble with fruits/vegetables: vegetables are much better for use as a daily addition to the diet (more nutritional value, less sugar), whereas most fruits are better used as treats or as something that's offered a few times a week, rather than daily. It can depend on the specific fruit/vegetable, though. (Peas, for instance, are rather high in sugar as well, and would be better used every few days, or only as a small part of a daily diet. On the other hand, pumpkin is great and high in fiber, and would work well if used daily.)

Additional safe treats:

Additional treats to avoid:
Raw Potatoes (assumed dangerous, they are dangerous to dogs)

Feel free to add or ask about others that aren't listed here! I'll try to update this first post as more foods are discussed to reflect as many as we know are safe or not.

moxieberry 09-01-2012 01:15 AM

Re: Treat List (Safe Fruits and Veggies)
 
Love this! Now it just needs to be a sticky! :D

I have two small things to add:

1. "Anything citrus" can more broadly be taken as "anything acidic". Tomatoes, therefore, are also something to avoid, because of the acidity level. Pomegranates, which I've seen one or two people ask about before, would also fall under this category - they are probably one of the most acidic fruits out there, possibly moreso than pineapple; definitely moreso than pineapple when the pineapple is ripe and sweet.

2. Fruits (and some vegetables) that are on the "acceptable" list should still be considered in terms of the sugar content. Some of them are fine in small amounts but could cause an upset stomach (loose/runny poops) if given in larger amounts, or if given daily. The same thing can be caused by too much of fruits/vegetables with a very high water content, and the ones that are mostly made of water aren't going to have much nutrients in them either. Examples: watermelon (a lot of water/sugar); cucumber (all water, almost no nutrients); cherries (high sugar content).

In general, for anyone wanting to supplement kibble with fruits/vegetables: vegetables are much better for use as a daily addition to the diet (more nutritional value, less sugar), whereas most fruits are better used as treats or as something that's offered a few times a week, rather than daily. It can depend on the specific fruit/vegetable, though. (Peas, for instance, are rather high in sugar as well, and would be better used every few days, or only as a small part of a daily diet. On the other hand, pumpkin is great and high in fiber, and would work well if used daily.)

Again, thanks for the great thread LG!

LizardGirl 09-01-2012 01:23 AM

Re: Treat List (Safe Fruits and Veggies)
 
Thanks for the input! I'll integrate some quotes from your post into the main one to be sure people see them. :)




connorshogs 10-12-2012 12:57 AM

Re: Treat List (Safe Fruits and Veggies)
 
Do you mind if I print this for my customers packets? If not it's ok just wanted to ask because u spent your time doing this

LizardGirl 10-12-2012 01:36 AM

Re: Treat List (Safe Fruits and Veggies)
 
Nope, don't mind, but if you'd like to say it it's an excerpt from my book and provide a link to it (link in my sig) I'd appreciate it. :)




Quinn 10-12-2012 01:40 PM

Re: Treat List (Safe Fruits and Veggies)
 
Great! I was actually wondering about tomatoes the other day. I dedcided not to give it because of the acidity and good thing I didn't. I also agree that it should be a sticky.

JulieAnne 11-05-2012 06:03 PM

Re: Treat List (Safe Fruits and Veggies)
 
I'm sure I already know the answer to this but, what about no-butter/unsalted popcorn? I was eating some the other day (although it did have SOME butter on it...) and Prim was trying to take me down for it lol. I gave her one TINY piece but haven't given her anymore.

SpiritWolves1 11-05-2012 06:19 PM

Re: Treat List (Safe Fruits and Veggies)
 
Love this!! Thanks for posting!

What about sea foods? Which are okay and which aren't? We eat a lot of sea foods and meats so what are the safe ones? And also what about freeze dried chicken and shrips?? I seen them in Walmart and was wondering if you can re hydrate them???

moxieberry 11-05-2012 06:35 PM

Re: Treat List (Safe Fruits and Veggies)
 
Any fish is fine, also "meaty" (crustacean) shellfish like lobster, crab, and shrimp/prawns. Mollusk-type shellfish (clams, mussels, oysters, etc) are fine in theory but the meat of them is more chewy, so a hedgehog might not do well with that - they should be cut into small pieces but be cautious until you know your hedgie doesn't have any problems with that. Same thing with squid and octopus. As with other meats, any seafood should be cooked and unseasoned. Smoked fish (such as smoked salmon/"lox") is too salty.

LizardGirl 11-05-2012 06:48 PM

Re: Treat List (Safe Fruits and Veggies)
 
Quote:

Originally Posted by JulieAnne
I'm sure I already know the answer to this but, what about no-butter/unsalted popcorn? I was eating some the other day (although it did have SOME butter on it...) and Prim was trying to take me down for it lol. I gave her one TINY piece but haven't given her anymore.

Plain, unsalted popcorn would be totally safe. :) I would be careful not to feed any of the annoying little kernel flakes, though.

And, just saw moxieberry replied about the seafood, so I won't reiterate. :)





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